How would you like to enjoy your evening cup of tea outdoors on a deck surrounded by plants and beautiful furniture? Now you can finally make it happen!;

A raised or a semi-raised deck can change the ambience of the garden and provide a perfect resting place. It can be used to keep plants and deck chairs with tables in the centre. You can also design one in Mediterranean style by adding ferns and bamboo furniture.;

Now, it may be tricky, but you can make a deck if you have enough knowledge about it. And you do not have to look any further as we have written about the entire process here.;

To begin with, you will have to make the subframe before colouring it, and we will tell you about all the parts needed. So, without further ado, let’s get going!;

Guide To DIY Deck Framing

While making your subframe, you will need to pay attention to 3 things that include decking posts, joints, and bearers. They will have to be connected well, and the size has to be absolutely correct so that the deck can hold ample weight. Read on to know all about this process.

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Step 1: Measure The Area

Before you make the deck, you need to measure the area with tape. For this, you might need someone to hold it from the other side.;

Also, decide the shape of the deck beforehand as you may want a square or a rectangular design. Some people also choose a half-circle design, but that is usually difficult to make if it is your first time.;

So, it is best to stick with a rectangular or a square deck that can be measured easily. Plus, it can hold more things and will be a more feasible option.;

Step 2: Remove Vegetation

Once you have chalked out the area, you will need to remove anything that is present there. This would include all kinds of vegetation, including plants, flowers, grass, as well as any other objects placed on it.;

Also, if you have garden statues or fountains right outside, you need to remove them to a safe spot until the deck is complete. Ensure the entire area is free from any obstruction, before bringing out the wooden planks and posts.;

Step 3: Putting Deck Posts In Place

After you have marked the area, you need to bury deck posts in the right places. Now this will depend on how you want the deck to be placed.;

If it is not attached to the house, you will require 4 posts, while if it is attached, then you will need only 2 posts. Before burying them, mark the ground so that the posts are at an equal distance from each other.;

What’s more, you will need to dig deep holes to keep the posts in place and ensure that they are locked firmly. So, after you insert them, don’t forget to add post concrete which will provide stability and keep the posts from moving.;

Step 4: Creating A Slope

This is essential because you would not want water to collect on the deck as it may cause the wood to decay. Water needs to slide down the surface and flow away every time it rains, or when you are cleaning the deck. Hence, ensure that there is a slight and gradual slope before putting the joists and ledger board in place.;

Step 5: Attaching The Joists

Joists are wooden pieces that are placed horizontally on the entire surface, and this ensures stability and better efficiency. They form the main deck frame, and their size will be determined by the beams that you have installed.;

Now, these joists have to be placed at a specific distance from each other, meaning centre-to-centre measurements need to be made. Mostly, leaving a 500 or 600 mm space in between is sufficient to ensure proper gapping.;

The next step is attaching the beams which look like ledger boards. However, they will not be attached to the house as they bear all the load and need to be installed in a different way.;

Step 6: Placing The Ledger Board

The ledger board is one of the most important attachments, and it will connect the deck to your house. It is generally made with a single wooden piece and is known to be very sturdy.;

You must note that the wooden piece will have to hold lateral loads by withstanding gravity. Previously decking was an easy job, and one did not have to consider a lot of things before making it.;

But today, there are a number of requirements when it comes to measuring, and it is best if you get the opinion of an engineer. This is especially needed if you have no prior knowledge about the process and you might need extra help.;

In fact, even DIY enthusiasts can talk to an engineer who will help them plan the construction, following which they can do it themselves. Some also use prescriptive tables, which provide the right dimensions to align the bolts and screws.;

You can calculate the distances between fasteners and bolts by using this tool.

Tips To Remember

Here are some tips to keep in mind before beginning with the construction. This should help in proper planning while reducing the chances of going wrong.

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1. Size

The size of a general deck is not supposed to be more than 20% of the size of a house. So, calculate the footage of the house and then take your measurements.;

Also, no part of a deck should be larger than the size of the rooms. Even if you plan to have a hot tub on the deck, its area needs to be smaller than the size of an adjoining room.;

2. Lighting

The placement of the deck should be such that it does not become too hot. There should be an ample amount of light, but it is best to build a shade, ensuring that the sunlight doesn’t hit the seating area directly.;

We recommend chalking out the area and visiting it at different times during the day. This will help you find the shaded zones and the hotspots easily.;

If there are trees beside the deck, it would be best to check if they obstruct the view or provide partial shade. Not to mention, it will help determine how to position the furniture and the plants for maximum relaxation.;

3. Style

There are 3 popular styles to choose from, and they include colonial, traditional, and coastal. Traditional designs would go well with cottage styles houses, and you can pair them with trimmed mouldings and decorative caps.;

On the other hand, the colonial style includes both symmetrical design and classical decor; use white to paint the post caps and railings. You can also have pergolas, benches, and a lot of planters around to enhance the look.;

Moving on, the coastal design would be a lovely choice if your house is by the sea. You can use white and grey to paint the deck and railings, or you may opt for glass railings to deliver a refined look.;

Irrespective of your choice, ensure that the deck can withstand bad weather conditions and sudden storms if it is close to the sea.;

4. Color

The colours that you use for a deck has to be water and weather-resistant, depending on the area that you live in. For instance, if an area receives heavy rainfall, the deck should be able to handle it without the wood rotting away.;

Building Your Decking Frame

By now, you must have realised that building the deck framing is not going to be easy and you will have to adhere to a lot of rules and regulations. Also, depending on the society that you live in, you will have to take the permission of local authorities and meet building regulations before proceeding.;

Talk to the local authorities and only then begin with the job. It is best to have someone helping you and you could think of hiring a couple of individuals.;

Working with a professional worker would help you complete the project, and you can also learn how to undertake similar tasks. On that note, we will now leave you to it.;

Watch this space for more interesting and informative reads, and let us know about your experience in the comments section below. Take care, bye!

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